Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Page: 11-16
Early Marriage in South Wollo and East Gojjam Zones of the Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Kerebih Asrese, Bahir Dar University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Mulunesh Abebe, Bahir Dar University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Received: Feb. 15, 2014;       Published: Mar. 10, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.hss.20140202.11      View  4866      Downloads  717
Abstract
Early marriage has profound physical, intellectual, psychological and emotional impacts and reduces educational opportunities and the chance for personal growth for both boys and girls. This study investigated the prevalence of early marriage in South Wollo and East Gojjam zones of the Amhara Region in Ethiopia. Data were collected from 769 respondents (476 females and 293 males) who were randomly selected from two zones. Structured questionnaires, focus groups and in-depth interviews were used for data collection. Percentages and Chi-square were used for analysis. The results revealed that early marriage is prevalent in the study areas. Its incidence was higher in East Gojjam(87%) than South Wollo(80%) and much higher for females (83%) than males (17%). Early marriage experience across age cohorts shows a revival of the practice. Hence, legal campaigns against early marriage that allow full community participation are recommended.
Keywords
Early Marriage, South Wollo, East Gojjam, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Kerebih Asrese, Mulunesh Abebe, Early Marriage in South Wollo and East Gojjam Zones of the Amhara Region, Ethiopia, Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2014, pp. 11-16. doi: 10.11648/j.hss.20140202.11
Reference
[1]
UNICEF. (2001). Early marriage: Child spouses. Innocents Digest, No.7, 1-30.
[2]
National Committee on Traditional Practices of Ethiopia. (2003). Ethiopia harmful traditional practices: Old beyond imaginings Addis Ababa.
[3]
Pankrust, H. (1992). Gender, development and identity. London: Biddles Ltd.
[4]
Central Statistical Authority and ORC Macro. (2001). Ethiopia demographic and health survey 2000. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Calverton, Maryland, USA: Central Statistical Authority and ORC Macro.
[5]
Central Statistical Agency and ORC Macro .(2006). Ethiopia demographic and health survey 2005. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Calverton, Maryland, USA: Central Statistical Agency and ORC Macro.
[6]
Pathfinder International. (2006). Report on causes and consequences of early marriage in Amhara Region, Retrieved September 20, 2008, from http://pathfindorg/site/Docserver/PTE_final_report
[7]
Guday, E. (2005). Early marriage and its effects on girls’ education in rural Ethiopia: The case of Mecha Woreda in West Gojjam, North-Western Ethiopia. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Goerg-August University of Goettingen, Gottingen.
[8]
AFROL. (2006). Gender profiles: Ethiopia. Retrieved December 14, 2007, from http://www.afrol.com/categories/women/profiles/ethipiawomen.htm
[9]
Population Council. (2005). Child marriage briefing: Ethiopia. Retrieved April 19, 2008, from http://www.populationcouncil.org/pdfs/briefingsheets/ETHIOPIA.pdf
[10]
Teshome, T. (2005). Early marriage in Ethiopia: Law and social reality. Addis Ababa: Ye Ethiopia Goji Limadawi Dirgitoch Aswegaj Mahiber.
[11]
Sida-Amhara Rural Development Program Coordination Unit (SARDP-PCU). (2004). Government pillar main summary report, Bahir Dar.
[12]
Kreuger, L., & Neuman, W. (2006). Social work research methods: Qualitative and quantitative applications with research navigator. Boston: Pearson Education.
Browse journals by subject